India is a country that has adopted the Right to Education Act and mentioned this right in Article 21a of the Indian Constitution; Until then, India had strived for a literacy rate of only 74-75 percent. This number may seem huge, but simple criteria for acknowledging someone as educated are referred to alongside the developed world; It seems that the number is only small.
To determine the literacy rate along with the percentage of educated, we need to discuss several heads of education in India. Here we will discuss some topics to increase the percentage of education in India.
The opening of Anganwadi centers and Indian government schools in every city and village brought most of the children to school. Moreover, proper governments provide students with various privileges such as free education, meals, books, and uniform. This is the level of education where most students are enrolled and is on the rise.
This is the level at which dropping out of school begins. The reason is poor family conditions. Not in all states, education through high school is free. The poor send their sons to work and marry off their daughters after completing their primary education. Scholarship programs can help benefit this level of education.
This is the level of education most students tend not to choose. The reason is the high fees. It is very clear that top tier state colleges like IIT, NLU, AIIMS, IIM, NIFT are all high prices and private institutions charge double and more. For this reason, most of the poor or lower middle class population do not send their children for higher education. They prefer to send their children for Careers. Central and state universities charge less but still poor family cannot afford the same. In this regard, various scholarship programs have played a very important role as well as reservation.
This is one trend that is mostly observed in rural areas. The reason is that the population is not aware of the advantages of literacy. In rural areas, night schools are run by NGOs where uneducated farmers and also, older residents are taught for free. This type of education has become popular and is yielding fruitful results.
Gender literacy is a huge issue that the country must address. If we rely on the statistics, we can see that 82 percent of males are literate compared to 65 percent of females. There is a whopping 17 percent gap that remains. Although the 2011 census numbers are better than the previous ones. It is only because of the various schemes introduced by different state governments with the support of the central government. Schemes such as yoga, uniforms, free meals and most importantly free education have attracted most of the country’s female students to schools. Poor parents now send their daughters to school.
Education is very important for survival in today’s globalized world. Most of the time we see that it is the poor who stay educated and so do their children. This is one of the reasons for which they became victims. But the efforts of governments at various levels have helped to increase the literacy rate in recent years and are still continuing.